Orthodox theology is iconographical theology, since the icons are perceived
to be windows to heaven, to open the view for the light that springs from the divine
existence of the three ὺπόττασις: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. The icon
originates in the incarnation of the Son of God, the perfect sign of the descent of His
love into creation for the purpose of salvation.
Orthodox iconology is the confession of our faith in Jesus Christ, God made man,
and by extension, in the power of those with whom He is well pleased: the angels, the
Virgin Mary, and the saints. The icon expresses in an ineffable way the significance of
the Incarnation of the Son of God, the fulfillment of the divine plan concerning the
human beings, and thus, the whole universe, a significance summed up in the well-
known patristic expression: “God made himself human, that we might become God”1
Iconography (from Greek: εικoνογραφία) refers to the making and liturgical use of icons, pictorial representations of Biblical scenes from the life of Jesus Christ, historical events in the life of the Church, and portraits of the saints. Icons are usually two-dimensional images and may be made of paint, mosaic, embroidery, weaving, carving, engraving, or other methods. A person who practices the art of iconography is called an iconographer.
Images have always been a vital part of the Church, but their place was the subject of the Iconoclast Controversy in the 8th and 9th centuries, especially in the East. The Sunday of Orthodoxy, the first Sunday of the Great Fast (Lent) every year celebrates the reestablishment of the Orthodox veneration of icons. The use of iconography is considered one of the most distinctive elements of the Byzantine Rite.2
1 Saint Athanasius, On the Incarnation
2 Iconography. (2015, March 31). OrthodoxWiki, . Retrieved 17:02, January 17, 2022 from https://orthodoxwiki.org/index.php?title=Iconography&oldid=121392.