9 October 1955
I received your letter and you ask me to reply. You find the following words in the holy Apostle Paul incomprehensible: ‘We know that in everything God works for good with those who love Him, who are called according to his purpose. And those whom He foreknew He also predestined . . . And those whom He predestined He also called; and those whom He called He also justified; and those whom He justified He also glorified.’ [Rom. 8:28-30].
I answer not by my own wisdom, but on the basis of the teaching of the Holy Fathers. The blessed Theophylactos says: ‘So first there is foreknowledge and then predestination. A person becomes called according to his foreknowledge, that is according to his own free will (because otherwise everyone would be saved because all are called), but free will is still necessary. And so, first foreknowledge, and…
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